|First Lady Florence Mabel (Kling) Harding|
The National Women's Party, the organization most instrumental in securing passage of the 19th Amendment and its ratification, did not stop its work once the amendment became part of the United States Constitution. Realizing they had an ally in the White House in the person of the First Lady, suffragists advocated for equitable treatment, seeking the repeal of laws that made women second-class citizens, and the passage of laws that guaranteed equal treatment.
|Suffragists' demonstration, New York City, 1917|
|Jobs Ohio women were prohibited from doing|
|Thirteen discriminatory Ohio laws as of 1921. In the margin Dr. Gillette Hayden |
noted the numbers of the House and Senate bills introduced to overturn these laws.
As noted above, it was more than an year later before 3/4 of the states ratified the amendment into law. After August 1920, the remaining states took their own sweet time about formally accepting what had become the law of the land: Connecticut, Vermont and Delaware ratified the amendment in 1923; Maryland, 1941, Virginia, 1952; Alabama, 1953; Florida and South Carolina,1969; Georgia, Louisiana and North Carolina, 1971; and Mississippi horsed around until 1984!